Implementation

Implementation
A project company is set up to achieve pre-defined goals. From the time the plant goes on-line, the public partner remits a quantity-dependent fee to the project company, while guaranteeing a minimum level of utilisation for water production or wastewater treatment. The minimum utilisation fee must be paid under all circumstances (take-or-pay-principle). The fee scale is also subject to regular reassessment under a price escalation clause that takes various cost factors into account.

In this type of arrangement, the public sector remains the primary service provider to the population and is responsible for rate collection.